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Active Sentence - Glossary of Terms


Active Sentences

An active sentence is the opposite of a passive sentence.  In an active sentence, the subject performs the action of the verb.

Examples:

The dog ate all the biscuits.
(In this example, "the dog" is the subject of the sentence - subject of the verb "to eat", i.e., "The dog" is the thing that did the eating. Therefore, this is an active sentence.  Compare this to its passive version: "The biscuits were eaten by the dog." In this example, the biscuits did not perform the action of the verb. In fact, it was done to them.  Therefore, it is a passive sentence.)

Tony is trimming the hedges all week.
("Tony" - active subject, i.e., doing the action (trimming))


Hammerhead sharks will pester you as you approach the reef. 
("Hammerhead sharks" - active subject, i.e., doing the action (pester))

Interactive example:
  
Local yobs have defaced the wall already.  [convert to a passive sentence]
 
Many companies do not like their staff to write using passive sentences.  Therefore, a number of grammar checkers will often suggest an active version of your passive sentence. However, if you prefer the passive version, stick with it.
Associated pages:
 
Glossary of grammatical terms  
 

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