English Grammar Lessons

  Biscuit Trail: Home  Glossary of Grammatical Terms  Active Sentences

Active Sentence - Glossary of Terms

Active Sentences

An active sentence is the opposite of a passive sentence.  In an active sentence, the subject performs the action of the verb.


The dog ate all the biscuits.
(In this example, "the dog" is the subject of the sentence - subject of the verb "to eat", i.e., "The dog" is the thing that did the eating. Therefore, this is an active sentence.  Compare this to its passive version: "The biscuits were eaten by the dog." In this example, the biscuits did not perform the action of the verb. In fact, it was done to them.  Therefore, it is a passive sentence.)

Tony is trimming the hedges all week.
("Tony" - active subject, i.e., doing the action (trimming))

Hammerhead sharks will pester you as you approach the reef. 
("Hammerhead sharks" - active subject, i.e., doing the action (pester))

Interactive example:
Local yobs have defaced the wall already.  [convert to a passive sentence]
Many companies do not like their staff to write using passive sentences.  Therefore, a number of grammar checkers will often suggest an active version of your passive sentence. However, if you prefer the passive version, stick with it.
Associated pages:
Glossary of grammatical terms  

Grammar Monster | Copyright Registration Number: 226604 | All rights reserved