Double Negatives

Double Negatives

A double negative occurs when two negative terms are used in the same sentence.

Easy Examples of Double Negatives

  • I ain't got no money.
  • I didn't see nothing.
  • I couldn't find it nowhere.

Real-Life Examples of Double Negatives

A double negative is usually created by combining the negative form of a verb (e.g., cannot, did not, have not) with a negative pronoun (e.g., nothing, nobody), a negative adverb (e.g., never, hardly), or a negative conjunction (e.g., neither/nor).
  • My daughter Chantelle wouldn't shout at nobody.
  • (A negative verb with the negative pronoun nobody)
  • Chantelle didn't never call the teacher that word.
  • (A negative verb (didn't call) with the negative adverb never)
  • She did not have neither her address nor her phone number.
  • (A negative verb with the negative conjunction neither/nor)
You don't see triple negatives often, but here's a witty one:
  • I cannot say that I do not disagree with you. (Comedian Groucho Marx)
  • (If you follow it through logically, you'll find it means "I disagree with you".)

Why Should I Care about Double Negatives?

A double negative is usually an error because it portrays a positive sense when a negative one is intended.
  • Russ didn't steal nothing.
  • (Logically, this means Russ stole something. In reality, readers nearly always understand the intended meaning.)
Even though the double-negative construction is standard in many languages, it is an error when the resultant positive sense is unintended.

Of course, the resultant positive sense can be intended.
  • He is not unattractive.
  • He is not unconvincing.
  • He is not without charm.
These double negatives are not errors. This deliberate use of the double-negative construction lets a writer take one step back from the full-blown positive version. "He is not unattractive" is subtler than "He is attractive". As these double-negative constructions sound more factual than complimentary or unkind, they can be useful when a touch of diplomacy or subtlety is required.

Key Points

  • A double negative giving an unintended positive sense is an error.
  • A double negative with an intended positive sense can be useful when a touch of diplomacy might not be unhelpful.
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