What Is Mood in Grammar? (with Examples)

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What Is Mood in Grammar? (with Examples)

Mood is the form a verb takes to show how it is to be regarded (e.g., as a fact, a command, a wish, an uncertainty).

There are three moods in English:

The Indicative Mood (with Examples)

The indicative mood states a fact or asks a question. For example:
  • She is driving the car.
  • Is she driving the car?
Read more about the indicative mood.

The Imperative Mood (with Examples)

The imperative mood expresses a command or a request. For example:
  • Drive the car!
  • Please drive the car.
Read more about the imperative mood.

The Subjunctive Mood (with Examples)

The subjunctive mood shows a wish or doubt. For example:
  • I suggest that she drive the car.
  • I propose that she be asked to drive the car.
  • If I were there, I would drive the car.
Read more about the subjunctive mood.

Mood and Sentence Type

With the exception of an imperative sentence, the sentence type gives no indication to the mood. Look at these examples:

MoodSentence Type
Indicative Mood
Imperative Mood
  • Please leave. (imperative sentence)
  • Get out! (imperative sentence and an exclamatory sentence)
Subjunctive Mood
  • If I were there, I would. (declarative sentence)
  • I demand he be removed! (exclamatory sentence)
  • What if he were there? (interrogative sentence)
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