English Grammar Lessons
Passive Sentence - Glossary of Terms
In a passive sentence, the subject does not perform the action in the
sentence. In fact, the action is performed on it.
Anita was driven to the theatre.
(In this example, "Anita" is the subject of the sentence - subject of the verb "was". However, she did not perform the
action of the verb "to drive". The action was done to her; she was the
recipient of the action.)
Nowadays, kites are protected.
("kites" - passive subject, i.e., the action is being done to them)
olives are stoned and crushed in this area.
("olives" - passive subject, i.e., the actions are being done to them)
In a passive sentence, the person or thing doing the action is usually preceded
by the word "by".
Anita was driven to the theatre by Carla.
Nowadays, kites are protected by law.
olives are stoned and crushed in this area by my son.
The opposite of a passive sentence is an active sentence, in which the subject
does perform the action of the verb.
|Russell will be identified by the
local postman. [convert to
an active sentence]|
Many companies do not like their staff to write using passive sentences.
Therefore, a number of grammar checkers will often suggest an active version of
your passive sentence. However, if you prefer the passive version, stick with
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