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Relative Pronouns - Glossary of Terms

Relative Pronouns

A relative pronoun is used to link one phrase or clause to another word in the sentence.  The relative pronouns are: who, whom, that, which, where, when. (Whoever, whomever and whichever are also relative pronouns.)


I cannot see the man who threw the coin.
                                      "who" links this clause to "man" 

I do have James Baker, who drove the car, on the screen.
                                       "who" links this clause to "James Baker" 

Please take the PC that crashed to the IT Department.
                          "that" links this clause to "PC" 

I would like to return to the time when dinosaurs ruled the Earth.
                                                       "when" links this clause to "time" 

In the examples above, the words "man", "James Baker", "PC" and "time" are known as the antecedents of the relative pronouns.
Did you see the owl which flew over the tent at about 5 am? [show me the relative pronoun]


Associated pages:
What are pronouns?
The different types of pronouns
Using which, that and who
No commas with which, that and who
Commas with which, that and who
Glossary of grammatical terms

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