Demonstrative Pronouns

What Are Demonstrative Pronouns? (with Examples)

The demonstrative pronouns are this, that, these, and those. Like all pronouns, they replace nouns. Demonstrative pronouns are used to replace specific people or things that have been previously mentioned (or are understood from context).

A demonstrative pronoun tells us whether it is replacing something singular or plural and whether that thing(s) is close by or farther away.

This and That Represent Singular Nouns

This and that replace singular nouns.

This represents something close by. For example: That represents something farther away. For example:

These and Those Represent Plural Nouns

These and those replace plural nouns.

These represents something close by. For example: Those represents something farther away. For example:

The Difference between Demonstrative Pronouns and Demonstrative Adjectives

The demonstrative adjectives are this, that, these, and those (i.e., the same words as the demonstrative pronouns). However, demonstrative adjectives modify nouns or pronouns. They cannot stand alone to play the role of a noun. For example: Demonstrative adjectives modify nouns (shown in bold above).

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See Also

What are pronouns? What are nouns? What are demonstrative adjectives? What are adjectives? What does modify mean? Glossary of grammatical terms What are indefinite pronouns? What are interrogative pronouns? What are personal pronouns? What are possessive pronouns? What are reciprocal pronouns? What are relative pronouns? What are reflexive pronouns?