Simple Present Tense

What Is the Simple Present Tense? (with Examples)

homeglossarySimple Present Tense
The simple present tense is quite simple to form (see spelling rules on the right), but it's not simple in terms of how it's used. In fact, it's quite complicated.

Examples of the Simple Present Tense

The simple present tense is used:

(1) To describe facts and habits:
  • I like chocolate. (Fact)
  • Angela runs a youth club full of glue-sniffers. (Fact)
  • I ride horses in the summer. (Fact and habit)
  • It always snows here in January. (Fact and habit)
  • Dawn plays chess in the evenings. (Fact and habit)
(NB: These activities do not have to be happening right now.)

This type of sentence, especially if it's describing a habit, will usually include a time expression like always, every year, never, often, on Mondays, rarely, sometimes, or usually.

(2) To describe scheduled events in the future
  • The train gets in at 5 o'clock.
  • It is low tide at 0234.
(Yep, I know! It's supposed to be the present tense!)

(3) To tell stories (particularly jokes) to make your listener or reader feel more engaged with the story.
  • A horse walks into a bar, and the barman says, "why the long face?"
  • (Compare to: A horse walked into a bar, and the barman said, "why the long face?")
  • We heard the helicopter overhead. Suddenly, the radio bursts into life.
(This is sometimes called the fictional present or the historic present.)

The Negative Version

To create a negative sentence, use "do not" + [base form of the verb]. (Use "does not" with third person singular (he / she / it).) For example:
  • I do not like chocolate.
  • Angela does not run a youth club full of glue-sniffers.
  • I do not ride horses in the summer.
  • It does not always snow here in January.
  • Dawn does not play chess in the evenings.
In speech and writing (especially informal writing), do not is often shortened to don't, and does not is often shortened to doesn't. If you want to add some emphasis, use one of the long versions (i.e., do not or does not), and emphasize the word not.

The Question Version

  • Do I like chocolate?
  • Does Angela run a youth club full of glue-sniffers?
  • Why does it always snow here in January?
  • When does Dawn play chess?

Forming the Simple Present Tense

Here is an infographic explaining the simple present tense:

The Other Present Tenses

The simple present tense is one of four present tenses. They are:
The 4 Present Tenses Example
simple present tense I go
present progressive tense I am going
present perfect tense I have gone
present perfect progressive tense I have been going
teachers note

A Note from Teacher

Forming the Simple Present Tense

The simple present tense is quite easy to form. Let's take the verb to run (whose base form is run). In the simple present tense, run looks like this:
First person singularI run
Second person singularYou run
Third person singularHe/She/It runs
First person pluralWe run
Second person pluralYou run
Third person pluralThey run

In other words, it only changes in the third person singular (he / she / it). It adds either s, es or ies.

The Spelling Rules

For regular verbs, just add s:
  • talk > talks
  • improve > improves
For verbs that end in s, ss, sh, ch, x and o, add es:
  • guess > guesses
  • mash > mashes
  • fix > fixes
  • go > goes
For verbs ending [consonant]y, change the y to i and add es:
  • fly > flies
  • study > studies

A Quick Test

Help Us To Improve English Grammar Lessons
  • Do you disagree with something on this page?
  • Did you spot a typo?
Please tell us using this form.
Do you know your English idioms? idioms test

Take Our Test.

search icon

Search our idioms database. (We have 10,000+ idioms!)