Illness (English Vocabulary)

ESL Vocabulary for Illness

The following page has learning games and example sentences using the following 16 words from the "illness" category:
Exploring illness-related vocabulary is important for healthcare discussions and expressing health concerns.

Memory Game

Pairs: getting ready...

Clicks: 0

getting ready...
  • Your mission is to pair pictures with their correct titles in as few a clicks as possible.
  • Click on a card to turn it. Next, try to find its partner by clicking on a second card. (If you fail to find a match with your second click, both cards will turn again.)
  • This is a memory game as well as a vocabulary-learning game.
  • Click on your first card to start. Good luck!
Scoring System

Guru ()
Hero ()
Captain ()
Sergeant ()
Recruit ()

Example Sentences


backache icon

a painful condition affecting the back, often caused by strain or injury to the muscles or spine

Easy Examples

  • A backache is when your back hurts and feels uncomfortable.
  • Backaches can be caused by bad posture or lifting heavy things.
  • You can use a heating pad to relieve a backache.

Harder Examples

  • He experienced a sharp backache after lifting heavy boxes all day.
  • Backaches can be relieved with rest, gentle stretches, and pain medication.
  • She visited a chiropractor to alleviate her chronic backache.

broken arm

broken arm icon

a fracture or break in one of the bones in the arm, typically requiring medical treatment such as casting or surgery

Easy Examples

  • A broken arm is when one of the bones in your arm is fractured or cracked.
  • People with broken arms often wear casts to help the bone heal.
  • It's important to be careful and avoid using a broken arm.

Harder Examples

  • He wore a cast on his broken arm to allow it to heal properly.
  • Broken arms can result from accidents, falls, or sports injuries.
  • They signed his cast as a gesture of support for his broken arm.

broken leg

broken leg icon

a fracture or break in one of the bones in the leg, often necessitating medical intervention and immobilization

Easy Examples

  • A broken leg is when one of the bones in your leg is fractured or cracked.
  • People with broken legs often use crutches to get around.
  • A cast or brace is used to support the healing leg.

Harder Examples

  • She used crutches to get around while her broken leg healed.
  • Broken legs can be the result of accidents, falls, or trauma.
  • He followed the doctor's recommendations for rehabilitating his broken leg.


bruise icon

a discoloration of the skin caused by damage to blood vessels beneath the surface, often due to blunt force or injury

Easy Examples

  • A bruise is a dark, painful mark on your skin caused by a bump or injury.
  • Bruises change color as they heal, starting with purple and turning yellow.
  • Applying ice can help reduce the pain of a fresh bruise.

Harder Examples

  • The bruise on her arm turned various shades of purple and green.
  • Applying ice to a bruise can help reduce swelling and pain.
  • They were careful not to bump the injured area and worsen the bruise.


cough icon

a reflex action that clears the throat and airways of irritants, often symptomatic of respiratory infections or allergies

Easy Examples

  • A cough is a sudden, forceful expulsion of air from your lungs.
  • Coughs can be caused by irritation or illness.
  • Drinking warm tea with honey can soothe a cough.

Harder Examples

  • His persistent cough was a sign of a cold or respiratory infection.
  • Cough drops and warm tea can provide relief from a cough.
  • She covered her mouth and nose when coughing to prevent the spread of germs.


cut icon

an open wound or incision in the skin, often requiring cleaning, disinfection, and bandaging

Easy Examples

  • A cut is an opening or wound in your skin caused by a sharp object.
  • Cuts should be cleaned and covered with a bandage to prevent infection.
  • Using antiseptic can help keep a cut from getting infected.

Harder Examples

  • He accidentally cut his finger while chopping vegetables.
  • Cuts should be cleaned with antiseptic to prevent infection.
  • They applied a bandage to cover the small cut on her knee.


earache icon

a painful sensation in the ear, often caused by ear infections or inflammation of the ear canal

Easy Examples

  • An earache is when your ear hurts and feels painful.
  • Earaches can be caused by infections or earwax buildup.
  • Putting warm oil in the ear can help relieve an earache.

Harder Examples

  • She complained of an earache and discomfort while swallowing.
  • Earaches may be accompanied by fever or hearing loss.
  • He visited the doctor, who prescribed antibiotics for his earache.


fever icon

an elevated body temperature, often a response to infections or illnesses, characterized by chills and sweating

Easy Examples

  • A fever is when your body temperature is higher than normal.
  • Fevers are often a sign that your body is fighting off an infection.
  • Rest and drinking fluids can help reduce a fever.

Harder Examples

  • She had a high fever and felt weak and fatigued.
  • Fever reducers like acetaminophen can help lower body temperature.
  • They monitored their child's fever and kept them hydrated.


flu icon

a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses, characterized by symptoms such as fever, cough, and body aches

Easy Examples

  • The flu is a contagious illness caused by influenza viruses.
  • Flu symptoms include fever, cough, and body aches.
  • Getting a flu shot can help prevent the flu.

Harder Examples

  • He stayed home from work to recover from the flu.
  • Getting a flu shot is recommended to prevent the illness.
  • She rested and drank plenty of fluids to combat the flu.


headache icon

a painful sensation in the head, often caused by tension, stress, dehydration, or other factors

Easy Examples

  • A headache is a pain or discomfort in your head or temples.
  • Headaches can be caused by stress, tension, or illness.
  • Taking a rest in a quiet room can relieve a headache.

Harder Examples

  • She massaged her temples to relieve the throbbing headache.
  • Headaches can be triggered by various factors, including lack of sleep.
  • He took a pain reliever to alleviate his persistent headache.


measles icon

a highly contagious viral infection characterized by fever, cough, and a distinctive red rash

Easy Examples

  • Measles is a contagious viral infection that causes a rash and fever.
  • Measles can be prevented with a measles vaccine.
  • Quarantine is necessary to prevent the spread of measles.

Harder Examples

  • Measles outbreaks can be prevented through vaccination.
  • Children with measles should be isolated to prevent the spread of the virus.
  • She developed a red rash on her skin, a classic symptom of measles.

runny nose

runny nose icon

an excess discharge of mucus from the nose, often associated with colds, allergies, or sinus infections

Easy Examples

  • A runny nose is when your nose produces excess mucus.
  • Runny noses are common during colds and allergies.
  • Blowing your nose and drinking fluids can help with a runny nose.

Harder Examples

  • He reached for a tissue to blow his runny nose.
  • Runny noses are common during allergy season due to pollen.
  • They used a saline nasal spray to relieve their congested and runny nose.


shivers icon

a sudden, uncontrollable trembling or shivering of the body, often due to cold temperatures or fever

Easy Examples

  • Shivers are when your body shakes or trembles due to cold or fear.
  • Shivering is your body's way of generating heat.
  • Wearing warm clothing can prevent shivers in cold weather.

Harder Examples

  • She wrapped herself in a warm blanket to stop the shivers.
  • Fevers can cause chills and shivers as the body temperature rises.
  • He felt a sudden chill and experienced shivers down his spine.

sore throat

sore throat icon

a painful and inflamed throat, often caused by viral infections or irritation

Easy Examples

  • A sore throat is when your throat feels painful and scratchy.
  • Sore throats can be caused by infections like strep throat.
  • Gargling with warm salt water can soothe a sore throat.

Harder Examples

  • Her sore throat made it difficult to swallow.
  • Gargling with warm saltwater can soothe a sore throat.
  • They drank hot tea with honey to relieve the discomfort of a sore throat.

stomach ache

stomach ache icon

discomfort or pain in the abdominal region, often due to indigestion, food poisoning, or gastrointestinal issues

Easy Examples

  • A stomach ache is when your belly hurts and feels uncomfortable.
  • Stomach aches can be caused by overeating or eating something bad.
  • Drinking ginger tea can help ease a stomach ache.

Harder Examples

  • He felt a sharp stomach ache after eating a heavy meal.
  • Stomach aches can result from consuming spoiled food or excessive eating.
  • She rested and drank ginger tea to ease her upset stomach.


toothache icon

a sharp or throbbing pain in the teeth or gums, often caused by dental issues or cavities

Easy Examples

  • A toothache is when your tooth hurts and causes pain in your mouth.
  • Toothaches can be caused by cavities or gum problems.
  • Seeing a dentist is important to treat a toothache.

Harder Examples

  • She visited the dentist to address the persistent toothache.
  • Toothaches can be relieved with over-the-counter pain relievers.
  • He applied a cold compress to the outside of his cheek to numb the toothache.
Help Us To Improve English Grammar Lessons
  • Do you disagree with something on this page?
  • Did you spot a typo?
Please tell us using this form.
Do you know your English idioms? idioms test

Take Our Test.

search icon

Search our idioms database. (We have 10,000+ idioms!)