Medical (English Vocabulary)

ESL Vocabulary for Medical

The following page has learning games and example sentences using the following 19 words from the "medical" category:
Learning medical vocabulary is essential for understanding healthcare, discussing medical conditions, and seeking medical assistance.

Memory Game

Pairs: getting ready...

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getting ready...
  • Your mission is to pair pictures with their correct titles in as few a clicks as possible.
  • Click on a card to turn it. Next, try to find its partner by clicking on a second card. (If you fail to find a match with your second click, both cards will turn again.)
  • This is a memory game as well as a vocabulary-learning game.
  • Click on your first card to start. Good luck!
Scoring System

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Example Sentences


diet icon

Diet refers to the food and drink regularly consumed by an individual or organism. It plays a crucial role in maintaining health and can be tailored to achieve specific nutritional goals

Easy Examples

  • A diet is the food you eat every day.
  • Eating fruits and vegetables is part of a healthy diet.
  • Some people follow a special diet to lose weight.

Harder Examples

  • A balanced diet includes a variety of fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains.
  • Some people follow a vegetarian or vegan diet, avoiding animal products for ethical or health reasons.
  • Individuals with dietary restrictions, such as those with food allergies, may need to carefully manage their diet to avoid allergens.


doctor icon

A doctor is a medical professional who diagnoses, treats, and provides medical care to patients. Doctors can specialize in various fields of medicine, such as pediatrics, cardiology, or surgery

Easy Examples

  • A doctor is a person who helps you when you're sick.
  • You visit a doctor when you don't feel well.
  • Doctors wear white coats.

Harder Examples

  • Family doctors provide primary care and manage general health issues.
  • Specialist doctors undergo additional training to focus on specific medical conditions or organs.
  • Doctors play a vital role in promoting health, preventing diseases, and treating illnesses.


exercise icon

Exercise refers to physical activity that is performed to maintain or improve one's health and fitness. It includes activities like jogging, swimming, weightlifting, and yoga

Easy Examples

  • Exercise means moving your body to stay healthy.
  • Running and playing sports are forms of exercise.
  • Doctors often recommend regular exercise.

Harder Examples

  • Regular exercise can help reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease and diabetes.
  • Exercising regularly can improve muscle strength, flexibility, and endurance.
  • It's important to consult with a fitness expert before starting a new exercise routine, especially if you have underlying health conditions.

eye drops

eye drops icon

Eye drops are a type of medication administered directly into the eyes to treat various eye conditions or discomfort, such as dryness, allergies, or glaucoma

Easy Examples

  • Eye drops are special liquid medicine for your eyes.
  • You use eye drops when your eyes feel dry or irritated.
  • Eye drops can make your eyes feel better.

Harder Examples

  • People with dry eyes often use artificial tear eye drops to relieve discomfort and maintain eye moisture.
  • Prescription eye drops may be necessary to manage certain eye diseases, like glaucoma.
  • When using eye drops, it's essential to follow the instructions provided by a healthcare professional.


hospital icon

A hospital is a medical facility equipped to provide comprehensive healthcare services, including diagnosis, treatment, surgery, and emergency care

Easy Examples

  • A hospital is a place where sick people get medical care.
  • Doctors and nurses work in hospitals.
  • Hospitals have beds for patients.

Harder Examples

  • Hospitals have various specialized departments, such as the emergency room, intensive care unit, and surgical wing.
  • Healthcare professionals in hospitals, including doctors, nurses, and technicians, work together to deliver medical care to patients.
  • Hospitals are essential institutions in healthcare systems, offering a wide range of medical services to the community.


inhaler icon

An inhaler is a medical device that delivers medication directly to the lungs, primarily used to manage respiratory conditions like asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Easy Examples

  • An inhaler is a device for breathing in medicine.
  • People with asthma use inhalers to help them breathe.
  • Inhalers are small and portable.

Harder Examples

  • Asthma patients often carry rescue inhalers to relieve sudden symptoms like wheezing and shortness of breath.
  • COPD patients use maintenance inhalers to manage their condition and improve lung function over time.
  • Inhalers provide rapid relief and are a crucial part of managing respiratory conditions.


injection icon

An injection is a method of administering medication or a substance into the body through a needle and syringe. Injections can be intravenous (IV), intramuscular (IM), or subcutaneous (SC), depending on the medication and its intended purpose

Easy Examples

  • An injection is a way to get medicine with a needle.
  • Doctors give injections in your arm or leg.
  • Some people are afraid of getting injections.

Harder Examples

  • Vaccines are often administered through injections to provide immunity against diseases.
  • Intramuscular injections are commonly used for medications that need to be absorbed into the bloodstream gradually.
  • Injections should be performed by trained healthcare professionals to ensure accuracy and safety.


medicine icon

Medicine refers to substances or drugs used to prevent, diagnose, treat, or alleviate medical conditions or diseases. Medications come in various forms, including pills, capsules, liquids, and injections

Easy Examples

  • Medicine is something that makes you feel better when you're sick.
  • You take medicine when you have a cold or fever.
  • Medicine can come in pills or liquid form.

Harder Examples

  • Over-the-counter (OTC) medicines are available without a prescription and are used to treat common ailments like headaches and colds.
  • Prescription medicines are prescribed by healthcare providers to manage specific medical conditions and require a doctor's supervision.
  • Proper storage and adherence to dosage instructions are crucial when taking medicine.


nurse icon

A nurse is a healthcare professional who plays a crucial role in patient care, assisting doctors and providing direct medical attention. Nurses work in various healthcare settings, including hospitals, clinics, and long-term care facilities

Easy Examples

  • A nurse helps doctors take care of patients.
  • Nurses are kind and helpful.
  • Nurses often wear uniforms.

Harder Examples

  • Nurses monitor patients' vital signs, administer medications, and provide emotional support to patients and their families.
  • Nursing is a diverse profession, with registered nurses (RNs), nurse practitioners (NPs), and licensed practical nurses (LPNs) specializing in different areas of patient care.
  • Nurses are essential members of the healthcare team and contribute significantly to patient well-being.


pills icon

Pills are solid forms of medication that are ingested orally. They come in various shapes, sizes, and colors and are used to treat a wide range of medical conditions

Easy Examples

  • Pills are small pieces of medicine you swallow.
  • Some pills help with pain, and others cure illnesses.
  • Always take pills as directed by your doctor.

Harder Examples

  • Some pills are designed for immediate release, while others have a controlled-release mechanism to deliver medication slowly over time.
  • It's important to follow the prescribed dosage and instructions when taking pills to ensure their effectiveness and safety.
  • Pills are one of the most common forms of medication and are widely used in healthcare.


surgery icon

Surgery is a medical procedure that involves making incisions in the body to diagnose, treat, or remove damaged or diseased tissues. Surgical procedures are performed by trained surgeons in hospitals or specialized surgical centers

Easy Examples

  • Surgery is when a doctor fixes a problem inside your body.
  • People have surgery to remove bad things or make them better.
  • Surgery often happens in an operating room.

Harder Examples

  • Common surgical procedures include appendectomies, heart surgeries, and joint replacements.
  • Minimally invasive surgery techniques, such as laparoscopy, use small incisions and specialized tools to reduce recovery time and scarring.
  • Surgery is often recommended when other non-invasive treatments are not effective in managing a medical condition.


wheelchair icon

A wheelchair is a mobility device with wheels and a seat that allows individuals with mobility impairments to move around independently. Wheelchairs come in manual and electric (powered) variants

Easy Examples

  • A wheelchair is a special chair with wheels for people who can't walk.
  • People in wheelchairs use them to get around.
  • Wheelchairs come in different sizes and types.

Harder Examples

  • Manual wheelchairs are propelled by the user or an attendant, using the wheels' handrims.
  • Electric wheelchairs are powered by batteries and can be controlled using a joystick or other interfaces.
  • Wheelchairs enhance the mobility and quality of life for individuals with physical disabilities.

X ray

X ray icon

An X-ray is a medical imaging technique that uses electromagnetic radiation to create images of the inside of the body, particularly the bones and organs. X-rays are valuable for diagnosing fractures, infections, and other medical conditions

Easy Examples

  • An X-ray is a special picture of your bones and insides.
  • Doctors use X-rays to see if bones are broken.
  • You stand still during an X-ray.

Harder Examples

  • X-ray machines emit a controlled amount of radiation to create detailed images that aid in medical diagnosis.
  • X-ray technology has evolved to include digital X-rays, reducing radiation exposure and allowing for faster image processing.
  • X-rays are a valuable tool in healthcare, helping doctors assess internal injuries and diseases.


ambulance icon

An ambulance is a specialized vehicle equipped with medical equipment and staffed by trained paramedics or emergency medical technicians (EMTs). Ambulances are used to transport injured or critically ill patients to hospitals or medical facilities quickly and safely

Easy Examples

  • An ambulance is a fast vehicle for taking sick people to the hospital.
  • Ambulances have sirens and lights.
  • People call 911 to get an ambulance in an emergency.

Harder Examples

  • Ambulances are equipped with lifesaving equipment such as defibrillators, oxygen tanks, and emergency medications.
  • Paramedics and EMTs provide critical care and support to patients during transport, stabilizing their conditions en route to the hospital.
  • Ambulances play a crucial role in emergency medical services, ensuring timely access to medical care.

band aid

band aid icon

A band-aid, also known as an adhesive bandage, is a small, flexible medical dressing with an adhesive backing. It is used to cover and protect minor cuts, wounds, or abrasions

Easy Examples

  • A band-aid is a small sticky strip to cover cuts.
  • Band-aids keep cuts clean and help them heal.
  • Kids often have colorful band-aids.

Harder Examples

  • Band-aids are convenient for minor injuries and can help prevent infection by keeping wounds clean and covered.
  • They are available in various sizes and designs, often featuring a sterile pad in the center to absorb fluids from the wound.
  • Band-aids are a staple in first-aid kits and are readily available for personal use.

bed rest

bed rest icon

Bed rest is a medical recommendation or treatment that involves lying in bed, typically in a horizontal position, to aid in the recovery from illness, surgery, or certain medical conditions

Easy Examples

  • Bed rest is when you stay in bed to get better.
  • Doctors may prescribe bed rest when you're sick.
  • Sometimes a good night's sleep is like bed rest.

Harder Examples

  • Doctors may prescribe bed rest to promote healing, reduce strain on the body, or prevent complications after surgery.
  • Bed rest can vary in duration, from short-term rest for a few days to long-term bed rest for several weeks or more.
  • While bed rest can be beneficial for recovery, it may also lead to muscle weakness and other health challenges if prolonged.

blood test

blood test icon

A blood test is a medical procedure that involves the collection of a blood sample from a patient to analyze various components, including blood cell counts, hormone levels, and markers of health and disease

Easy Examples

  • A blood test is when a doctor checks your blood.
  • Blood tests can tell if you're healthy or if you have an illness.
  • A nurse usually takes your blood for a blood test.

Harder Examples

  • Blood tests are crucial for diagnosing a wide range of medical conditions, such as anemia, diabetes, and infections.
  • They can also monitor the effectiveness of treatments and medications, helping doctors make informed decisions about patient care.
  • Blood tests are performed by healthcare professionals, and results are used to guide medical interventions.


cast icon

A cast is a rigid, protective structure made of materials like plaster or fiberglass that is used to immobilize and support a broken or injured bone during the healing process

Easy Examples

  • A cast is a hard cover for a broken bone.
  • People with broken bones wear casts to help them heal.
  • Casts can be made of plaster or fiberglass.

Harder Examples

  • Casts are custom-fitted to the patient's specific injury and are designed to keep the bone in the correct position while it heals.
  • Patients with casts are typically advised to avoid putting weight on the injured limb and to follow care instructions to prevent complications.
  • Casts are a common orthopedic treatment for fractures and provide stability and protection during bone healing.


crutches icon

Crutches are mobility aids used by individuals with leg injuries or mobility impairments to assist with walking and weight-bearing. They come in various styles, including underarm crutches and forearm crutches

Easy Examples

  • Crutches are special sticks to help you walk when your leg is hurt.
  • People use crutches to support their weight.
  • Learning to walk on crutches takes practice.

Harder Examples

  • Crutches provide support and help distribute body weight away from an injured or weak leg, facilitating mobility during recovery.
  • Proper fit and usage of crutches are essential to prevent falls or additional injuries.
  • Physical therapy and training may be recommended to ensure safe and effective use of crutches.
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