Opposites (English Vocabulary)

ESL Vocabulary for Opposites

The following page has learning games and example sentences using the following 41 words from the "opposites" category:
Studying opposites vocabulary enhances language comprehension and communication skills.

Memory Game

Pairs: getting ready...

Clicks: 0

getting ready...
  • Your mission is to pair pictures with their correct titles in as few a clicks as possible.
  • Click on a card to turn it. Next, try to find its partner by clicking on a second card. (If you fail to find a match with your second click, both cards will turn again.)
  • This is a memory game as well as a vocabulary-learning game.
  • Click on your first card to start. Good luck!
Scoring System

Guru ()
Hero ()
Captain ()
Sergeant ()
Recruit ()

Example Sentences


short icon

having little height or not being tall

Easy Examples

  • She is short.
  • He has short hair.
  • The dog is short.

Harder Examples

  • She is quite short compared to her classmates.
  • He prefers to wear short sleeves in the summer.
  • They will take a shortcut to reach the destination faster.


skinny icon

having a slender and thin physique

Easy Examples

  • He is skinny.
  • She likes skinny jeans.
  • They have a skinny cat.

Harder Examples

  • She has always been naturally skinny.
  • He likes to wear skinny jeans.
  • They will have a skinny latte for breakfast.


slow icon

moving or proceeding at a low speed

Easy Examples

  • The turtle is slow.
  • I am a slow eater.
  • She walks slow.

Harder Examples

  • The turtle is known for its slow pace.
  • She drives slowly on icy roads to stay safe.
  • They will walk slowly to enjoy the scenery.


small icon

being of limited size or not large in dimensions

Easy Examples

  • The kitten is small.
  • He has a small toy.
  • It's a small room.

Harder Examples

  • The puppy is still very small and adorable.
  • He keeps his belongings in a small backpack.
  • They will stay in a small cottage by the lake.


sour icon

having a sharp and acidic taste or unpleasant odor

Easy Examples

  • The lemon is sour.
  • She makes a sour face.
  • They don't like sour candy.

Harder Examples

  • The lemonade was too sour for her liking.
  • She wrinkled her nose at the sour smell in the room.
  • They will add sugar to balance the sourness of the dish.


spotless icon

completely clean and without any blemishes or stains

Easy Examples

  • The kitchen is spotless.
  • He keeps his car spotless.
  • She has a spotless record.

Harder Examples

  • She keeps her house spotless at all times.
  • He admired the spotless mirror in the hotel room.
  • They will strive to maintain a spotless reputation.


strong icon

possessing physical power or being mentally resilient

Easy Examples

  • He is strong.
  • She lifts weights to get strong.
  • They have a strong grip.

Harder Examples

  • He is known for his strong physique and athleticism.
  • She showed strong determination to overcome obstacles.
  • They will build a strong bond through teamwork.


sweet icon

having a pleasant and sugary taste or being endearing

Easy Examples

  • The cake is sweet.
  • She likes sweet tea.
  • He has a sweet tooth.

Harder Examples

  • The dessert was incredibly sweet and satisfying.
  • She has a sweet smile that brightens everyone's day.
  • They will enjoy the sweet melodies of the music.


transparent icon

allowing light to pass through and see-through

Easy Examples

  • The glass is transparent.
  • She wears transparent glasses.
  • They want a transparent discussion.

Harder Examples

  • The glass is transparent, so you can see what's inside.
  • She used transparent plastic wrap to cover the food.
  • They will use a transparent umbrella on a rainy day.


ugly icon

unattractive in appearance or unpleasant to look at

Easy Examples

  • The painting is ugly.
  • He thinks he is ugly.
  • She calls him ugly.

Harder Examples

  • Beauty is subjective, and what is ugly to one may not be to another.
  • She found the old building to be rather ugly.
  • They believe that kindness can make a person beautiful, even if they appear ugly.


weak icon

lacking physical or mental strength and not strong

Easy Examples

  • He is weak.
  • She feels weak today.
  • They have a weak signal.

Harder Examples

  • He felt weak after the long hike in the mountains.
  • She has a weak immune system and often gets sick.
  • They will strengthen their muscles through regular exercise.


young icon

in an early stage of life or existence, not old

Easy Examples

  • She is young.
  • He is a young artist.
  • They have a young puppy.

Harder Examples

  • The young couple just got married last month.
  • She works with young children at the daycare center.
  • They will visit a young artist's gallery opening.


old icon

having lived or existed for a long time, not young

Easy Examples

  • The house is old.
  • She has an old car.
  • He is getting old.

Harder Examples

  • The old tree in the park is over a hundred years old.
  • He loves reading old books with yellowed pages.
  • They will explore an old castle on their vacation.


bad icon

not good or of poor quality, unfavorable

Easy Examples

  • It's a bad day.
  • She had a bad dream.
  • He is in a bad mood.

Harder Examples

  • The movie received bad reviews from critics.
  • She had a bad day at work due to a challenging project.
  • They will turn a bad situation into an opportunity.


beautiful icon

having qualities that delight the senses and please the eye

Easy Examples

  • The sunset is beautiful.
  • She is a beautiful singer.
  • They live in a beautiful house.

Harder Examples

  • The sunset over the ocean was absolutely beautiful.
  • She wore a beautiful dress to the special occasion.
  • They will visit a beautiful garden with colorful flowers.


big icon

having a large size or being of considerable magnitude

Easy Examples

  • The elephant is big.
  • He has a big house.
  • She wears a big hat.

Harder Examples

  • The big elephant trumpeted loudly in the safari park.
  • He moved into a big house with a spacious yard.
  • They will need a big suitcase for their trip.


blunt icon

having a dull or rounded edge, not sharp

Easy Examples

  • The knife is blunt.
  • She is blunt with her words.
  • He uses a blunt pencil.

Harder Examples

  • The blunt knife couldn't cut through the tough meat.
  • She prefers to use a blunt pencil for shading.
  • They will need a sharpener to avoid writing with a blunt pencil.


bright icon

emitting or reflecting a strong light, vivid in color

Easy Examples

  • The sun is bright.
  • She wears bright clothes.
  • They have a bright smile.

Harder Examples

  • The bright stars lit up the night sky.
  • She wore a bright red dress to the party.
  • They will enjoy a bright and sunny day at the beach.


clean icon

free from dirt, stains, or impurities, hygienic

Easy Examples

  • The room is clean.
  • He likes to keep things clean.
  • She has clean hands.

Harder Examples

  • The clean kitchen countertops sparkled in the sunlight.
  • He takes pride in keeping his car clean and shiny.
  • They will hire a professional cleaner for the spring cleaning.


dark icon

having little or no light, of a deep color

Easy Examples

  • It's dark outside.
  • She has dark hair.
  • They like dark chocolate.

Harder Examples

  • The room was so dark that they needed a flashlight.
  • She chose a dark shade of paint for the bedroom.
  • They will have a picnic under the dark night sky.


dirty icon

covered in or marked by dirt, unclean

Easy Examples

  • The shirt is dirty.
  • He plays in the dirty mud.
  • She has dirty shoes.

Harder Examples

  • The muddy boots left dirty footprints on the floor.
  • He noticed a dirty stain on his shirt after lunch.
  • They will wash their hands thoroughly to remove the dirt.


distant icon

far away in space or time, remote or separated

Easy Examples

  • The mountain is distant.
  • He feels distant from his friends.
  • She has a distant look.

Harder Examples

  • The mountain range appeared distant from their location.
  • She felt a distant connection to her ancestral homeland.
  • They will send a letter to a distant relative.


empty icon

containing nothing or having no occupants

Easy Examples

  • The glass is empty.
  • She has an empty backpack.
  • They feel empty inside.

Harder Examples

  • The empty room echoed with each step they took.
  • He realized the gas tank was empty when the car stalled.
  • They will find an empty seat in the crowded theater.


fast icon

moving or capable of moving quickly, rapid

Easy Examples

  • The car is fast.
  • She runs fast.
  • He eats fast.

Harder Examples

  • The cheetah is the fastest land animal in the world.
  • She drives fast on the highway to reach her destination.
  • They will have a fast internet connection for streaming.


fat icon

having an excess of flesh or being overweight

Easy Examples

  • He is fat.
  • She feels fat after eating.
  • They have a fat cat.

Harder Examples

  • He gained weight and became fat after the holidays.
  • She avoids eating too much fat in her diet.
  • They will work out regularly to lose fat and stay healthy.


filthy icon

covered in or characterized by dirt and grime

Easy Examples

  • The floor is filthy.
  • She works in a filthy environment.
  • They have a filthy habit.

Harder Examples

  • The neglected room was filthy and needed a thorough cleaning.
  • She wore gloves to clean the filthy bathroom.
  • They will take a shower to wash off the filthy mud.


first icon

coming before all others in time or order

Easy Examples

  • It's the first day.
  • She is the first in line.
  • He got the first prize.

Harder Examples

  • She was the first person to arrive at the party.
  • He won first place in the race and received a medal.
  • They will have the first slice of cake at the celebration.


full icon

containing all that can be held or filled to capacity

Easy Examples

  • The glass is full.
  • She ate a full meal.
  • They have a full schedule.

Harder Examples

  • The glass was full of refreshing cold water.
  • She felt full after a hearty meal at the restaurant.
  • They will have a full day of fun and adventure.


good icon

having desirable qualities or characteristics

Easy Examples

  • He is good.
  • She did a good job.
  • They have a good idea.

Harder Examples

  • He is known for his good deeds and generosity.
  • She gave a good speech that inspired the audience.
  • They will make good memories during their vacation.


heavy icon

having a high weight or mass, difficult to lift or move

Easy Examples

  • The box is heavy.
  • She lifts heavy weights.
  • He has a heavy workload.

Harder Examples

  • The suitcase was heavy, so he asked for help.
  • She wore a heavy coat to stay warm in the snow.
  • They will need a heavy-duty vehicle for transporting goods.


last icon

coming after all others in time or order

Easy Examples

  • It's the last page.
  • She is the last to arrive.
  • He got the last piece.

Harder Examples

  • She was the last one to leave the office for the day.
  • He received the last piece of cake at the party.
  • They will enjoy the last rays of sunlight at sunset.


light icon

emitting or reflecting illumination, not heavy

Easy Examples

  • The room is light.
  • She carries a light bag.
  • They like light colors.

Harder Examples

  • The light bulb brightened the room when turned on.
  • She carried a light backpack for the hiking trip.
  • They will use a flashlight to find their way in the dark.


long icon

having a great length or extending for a considerable distance

Easy Examples

  • The road is long.
  • She has long hair.
  • He waits for a long time.

Harder Examples

  • The long river winds through the forest.
  • She has long hair that reaches her waist.
  • They will take a long road trip across the country.


near icon

close to or not far from a particular place or point

Easy Examples

  • The store is near.
  • She lives near the park.
  • They have a near miss.

Harder Examples

  • The grocery store is near their apartment.
  • She found a park near the city center.
  • They will stay in a hotel near the beach.


new icon

recently made, discovered, or created

Easy Examples

  • The phone is new.
  • She got a new dress.
  • He has a new idea.

Harder Examples

  • They bought a new car to replace the old one.
  • She is excited to wear her new dress to the event.
  • They will explore the new museum in town.


noisy icon

making a lot of noise, loud and disruptive

Easy Examples

  • The street is noisy.
  • She lives in a noisy neighborhood.
  • They make a noisy crowd.

Harder Examples

  • The construction site next door is very noisy.
  • She put on noise-canceling headphones to block out the noisy traffic.
  • They will find a quiet place away from the noisy crowd.


opaque icon

not allowing light to pass through, not transparent

Easy Examples

  • The glass is opaque.
  • She uses opaque curtains.
  • They prefer opaque solutions.

Harder Examples

  • The curtains are made of opaque fabric to provide privacy.
  • She couldn't see through the opaque glass window.
  • They will use an opaque screen to hide the surprise.


poor icon

having little or insufficient wealth or resources

Easy Examples

  • He is poor.
  • She comes from a poor family.
  • They live in a poor village.

Harder Examples

  • He grew up in a poor neighborhood but worked hard to succeed.
  • She helps the poor by donating to charity organizations.
  • They will provide assistance to the poor and needy.


quiet icon

making little or no noise, peaceful and calm

Easy Examples

  • The library is quiet.
  • She enjoys quiet evenings.
  • They like a quiet atmosphere.

Harder Examples

  • The library is a quiet place for reading and studying.
  • She enjoys the quiet solitude of the countryside.
  • They will have a quiet evening at home with a book.


rich icon

having a great deal of money, possessions, or resources

Easy Examples

  • They are rich.
  • He has a rich taste.
  • She owns a rich collection.

Harder Examples

  • They live in a luxurious mansion and are very rich.
  • She became rich after starting her successful business.
  • They will donate to charity because they believe in sharing their wealth.


sharp icon

having a fine or keen edge, capable of cutting

Easy Examples

  • The knife is sharp.
  • She has sharp eyes.
  • He is sharp-witted.

Harder Examples

  • The chef used a sharp knife to slice the vegetables.
  • She noticed a sharp pain in her foot after stepping on a rock.
  • They will use a sharp pencil for drawing detailed illustrations.
Help Us To Improve English Grammar Lessons
  • Do you disagree with something on this page?
  • Did you spot a typo?
Please tell us using this form.
Do you know your English idioms? idioms test

Take Our Test.

search icon

Search our idioms database. (We have 10,000+ idioms!)