Vegetables (English Vocabulary)

ESL Vocabulary for Vegetables

The following page has learning games and example sentences using the following 23 words from the "vegetables" category:
Understanding vegetable-related words is valuable for dietary choices and culinary diversity.

Memory Game

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  • Your mission is to pair pictures with their correct titles in as few a clicks as possible.
  • Click on a card to turn it. Next, try to find its partner by clicking on a second card. (If you fail to find a match with your second click, both cards will turn again.)
  • This is a memory game as well as a vocabulary-learning game.
  • Click on your first card to start. Good luck!
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Example Sentences


spinach icon

a leafy green vegetable known for its high nutrient content, often used in salads, smoothies, and cooked dishes

Easy Examples

  • Spinach is a green leafy vegetable that's really good for you.
  • You can eat spinach in salads or cook it in dishes like pasta or soup.
  • Popeye the Sailor loves eating spinach to become strong.

Harder Examples

  • She added fresh spinach leaves to her morning smoothie.
  • He prepared a spinach and feta salad for a healthy lunch.
  • They sautéed spinach with garlic as a side dish for dinner.

spring onion

spring onion icon

a type of onion with a mild flavor, typically used in salads, stir-fries, and garnishes

Easy Examples

  • Spring onions are long, thin vegetables with a white part and green leaves.
  • You can chop spring onions and use them to add flavor to your food.
  • Spring onions taste a little bit like regular onions.

Harder Examples

  • She finely chopped spring onions to garnish the soup.
  • He planted spring onion bulbs in his vegetable garden.
  • They enjoyed a noodle dish with sliced spring onions.


tomato icon

a red or yellowish fruit commonly used as a vegetable in cooking, often in salads, sauces, and sandwiches

Easy Examples

  • A tomato is a red or sometimes yellow fruit that people often use in salads and sandwiches.
  • Tomatoes can be eaten fresh, and they're also used to make ketchup and sauce.
  • Tomatoes are juicy and add a nice taste to food.

Harder Examples

  • She sliced ripe tomatoes to make a Caprese salad.
  • He harvested fresh tomatoes from his backyard garden.
  • They used tomatoes to prepare a homemade pasta sauce.


turnip icon

a root vegetable with a white or purple exterior and a slightly bitter flavor, often cooked or mashed

Easy Examples

  • A turnip is a root vegetable that can be white or purple on the outside.
  • People cook turnips and eat them in stews, soups, or as a side dish.
  • Turnips have a mild and slightly sweet flavor.

Harder Examples

  • She roasted turnips with herbs and olive oil for a side dish.
  • He grew turnips in his vegetable patch during the fall.
  • They prepared a hearty turnip and potato soup for dinner.


asparagus icon

a tender green vegetable with long stalks and a mild, earthy flavor, often steamed, roasted, or grilled

Easy Examples

  • Asparagus is a green vegetable with long stalks and a tender tip.
  • You can steam or roast asparagus and eat it as a side dish or in salads.
  • Asparagus is known for its unique and delicious taste.

Harder Examples

  • She drizzled olive oil on roasted asparagus spears.
  • He served asparagus with hollandaise sauce for a special meal.
  • They grilled asparagus on the barbecue for a smoky flavor.

aubergine or eggplant

aubergine or eggplant icon

a purple or blackish vegetable with a smooth skin, often used in Mediterranean and Asian cuisines

Easy Examples

  • An aubergine, also called an eggplant, is a purple or black vegetable that's used in many recipes.
  • Aubergines can be grilled, fried, or used to make dishes like moussaka.
  • Aubergines have a rich and creamy texture.

Harder Examples

  • She made a rich and creamy aubergine parmigiana for dinner.
  • He stir-fried sliced eggplant with garlic and soy sauce.
  • They grew aubergines in their backyard garden.


beetroot icon

a root vegetable with a deep red or purple color, often boiled, pickled, or roasted

Easy Examples

  • Beetroot is a dark red or purple vegetable that grows underground.
  • People often slice or grate beetroot to put in salads or make pickles.
  • Beetroot has a sweet and earthy flavor.

Harder Examples

  • She pickled beetroot to add to salads and sandwiches.
  • He roasted beetroot with balsamic vinegar and thyme.
  • They used beetroot as a natural food coloring for cupcakes.


broccoli icon

a green vegetable with small, tree-like florets, often steamed, stir-fried, or added to pasta dishes

Easy Examples

  • Broccoli is a green vegetable with a bunch of tiny, tree-like branches.
  • You can steam or stir-fry broccoli and serve it as a side dish or in pasta.
  • Broccoli is full of vitamins and is good for you.

Harder Examples

  • She steamed broccoli and served it with a lemon butter sauce.
  • He added chopped broccoli to his favorite stir-fry recipe.
  • They grew broccoli in their backyard garden.


cabbage icon

a leafy green or purple vegetable with tightly packed leaves, often used in salads, slaws, and soups

Easy Examples

  • Cabbage is a round or oval-shaped vegetable with leaves that are usually green or purple.
  • Cabbage can be shredded and used in coleslaw or cooked in dishes like sauerkraut.
  • Cabbage is crunchy and a bit sweet.

Harder Examples

  • She made coleslaw with shredded cabbage and carrots.
  • He simmered cabbage with sausage in a hearty stew.
  • They harvested cabbage heads from their farm.


carrot icon

an orange root vegetable with a sweet and earthy flavor, often eaten raw, cooked, or used in salads

Easy Examples

  • A carrot is a bright orange vegetable that's crunchy and sweet.
  • Carrots can be eaten raw as a snack or cooked in soups and stews.
  • Carrots are good for your eyes and are a favorite of rabbits.

Harder Examples

  • She snacked on baby carrots with hummus for a healthy treat.
  • He grated carrots to add moisture to his carrot cake recipe.
  • They harvested a bumper crop of carrots from their garden.


cauliflower icon

a white or colored vegetable with a head composed of tightly packed florets, often used in curries, soups, and as a low-carb alternative

Easy Examples

  • Cauliflower is a white vegetable that looks like a big flower.
  • You can steam or mash cauliflower and serve it as a side dish or in curries.
  • Cauliflower is a versatile and tasty vegetable.

Harder Examples

  • She made cauliflower rice as a low-carb substitute for regular rice.
  • He roasted cauliflower florets with spices for a flavorful side dish.
  • They enjoyed creamy cauliflower soup on a chilly evening.


chilli icon

a spicy pepper often used to add heat and flavor to various dishes, such as chili con carne, salsas, and spicy curries

Easy Examples

  • A chilli is a small, spicy pepper that can be red or green.
  • Chillies are often used to add heat and flavor to dishes like chilli con carne.
  • Be careful, too many chillies can make your food really spicy!

Harder Examples

  • She added diced red chili peppers to the spicy salsa.
  • He cooked a fiery chili dish with ground beef and beans.
  • They grew their own chili peppers in a small garden.


corn icon

a yellow or white cereal grain with sweet kernels, often enjoyed on the cob, in salads, or as a side dish

Easy Examples

  • Corn, also known as maize, is a yellow or white vegetable that grows on a cob.
  • You can eat corn on the cob or use kernels in salads and casseroles.
  • Corn is a delicious and popular vegetable.

Harder Examples

  • She boiled fresh corn on the cob and served it with butter.
  • He made a corn and black bean salad for a summer picnic.
  • They harvested ears of corn from the farm's cornfield.


garlic icon

a pungent bulb used as a seasoning and flavor enhancer in a wide variety of dishes, such as garlic bread, pasta, and sauces

Easy Examples

  • Garlic is a small, white bulb made up of several cloves with a strong and pungent flavor.
  • Garlic is used to add flavor to many dishes, like pasta and sauces.
  • Garlic is known for its distinct and delicious taste.

Harder Examples

  • She minced garlic cloves to add to the sautéed mushrooms.
  • He planted garlic bulbs in the garden for next year's harvest.
  • They loved the aroma of roasted garlic in the kitchen.


kale icon

a leafy green vegetable with curly or flat leaves, often used in salads, smoothies, and as a nutritious side dish

Easy Examples

  • Kale is a dark green leafy vegetable that's very good for your health.
  • You can use kale in salads, smoothies, or cook it to make kale chips.
  • Kale is packed with nutrients and vitamins.

Harder Examples

  • She made a kale and quinoa salad with a lemon vinaigrette.
  • He blended kale leaves into his morning green smoothie.
  • They sautéed kale with garlic and olive oil for a healthy side.


lettuce icon

a leafy green vegetable commonly used as the base for salads and as a topping in sandwiches and wraps

Easy Examples

  • Lettuce is a green leafy vegetable often used in salads and sandwiches.
  • You can make a fresh and crisp salad with different types of lettuce.
  • Lettuce is a great choice for a healthy and crunchy meal.

Harder Examples

  • She tossed fresh lettuce leaves with tomatoes and cucumbers.
  • He grew a variety of lettuces in his garden for a colorful salad.
  • They used crisp lettuce as a bed for grilled chicken in wraps.


peas icon

small green spherical seeds, often used as a side dish, in casseroles, or added to salads

Easy Examples

  • Peas are small, round green vegetables that come in a pod.
  • You can eat peas as a side dish, add them to pasta, or mix them into fried rice.
  • Peas are sweet and add a pop of color to your plate.

Harder Examples

  • She boiled peas and served them with a pat of butter.
  • He made a creamy pea soup for a comforting lunch.
  • They harvested peas from the garden for a springtime feast.


pepper icon

a fruit with a mild to hot flavor, used as a spice and seasoning in various cuisines and dishes

Easy Examples

  • A pepper, also known as a bell pepper, comes in different colors like red, green, and yellow.
  • Peppers are often sliced and added to salads, stir-fries, and fajitas.
  • Peppers have a mild and slightly sweet taste.

Harder Examples

  • She ground black pepper over her pasta for added flavor.
  • He grew bell peppers of different colors in his vegetable garden.
  • They enjoyed the smoky flavor of roasted red peppers in a salad.


pickle icon

vegetables or fruits preserved in a brine or vinegar solution, often served as a tangy side or condiment

Easy Examples

  • A pickle is a vegetable, like a cucumber, that's been soaked in a salty or sour liquid.
  • People eat pickles as a snack or add them to sandwiches and burgers.
  • Pickles have a tangy and flavorful taste.

Harder Examples

  • She placed a dill pickle spear alongside her sandwich.
  • He pickled cucumbers with garlic and spices for homemade pickles.
  • They enjoyed sweet and sour pickled vegetables with their meal.


potato icon

a starchy tuber that is a staple in many cuisines, prepared in various ways, including mashed, fried, and baked

Easy Examples

  • A potato is a brown or yellow vegetable with a starchy inside that's used in many dishes.
  • Potatoes can be mashed, roasted, fried, or made into fries and chips.
  • Potatoes are versatile and delicious.

Harder Examples

  • She mashed potatoes with butter and cream for a creamy side dish.
  • He harvested potatoes from the garden and stored them for the winter.
  • They enjoyed crispy potato wedges as a snack.


pumpkin icon

a large, orange or yellowish squash often used in pies, soups, and roasted dishes, especially during the fall

Easy Examples

  • A pumpkin is a big, round vegetable that's often orange and used in cooking and carving.
  • Pumpkins can be used to make pies, soups, and even pumpkin spice lattes.
  • Pumpkins are a symbol of autumn and Halloween.

Harder Examples

  • She carved a spooky pumpkin for Halloween decorations.
  • He roasted pumpkin chunks with cinnamon and maple syrup.
  • They made a delicious pumpkin pie for Thanksgiving dessert.


radish icon

a small, crisp, and peppery root vegetable often used in salads, as a garnish, or pickled

Easy Examples

  • A radish is a small, round vegetable that can be red, white, or purple.
  • People often slice radishes and add them to salads or eat them with dip.
  • Radishes have a crunchy and slightly spicy taste.

Harder Examples

  • She thinly sliced radishes to add a zesty crunch to the salad.
  • He pickled radishes with vinegar and spices for a tangy side dish.
  • They grew colorful radishes in their garden beds.


rocket icon

a leafy green vegetable with a peppery taste, commonly used in salads, sandwiches, and as a pizza topping

Easy Examples

  • Rocket, also known as arugula, is a leafy green vegetable with a peppery flavor.
  • You can use rocket in salads, sandwiches, or as a pizza topping.
  • Rocket adds a zesty kick to your dishes.

Harder Examples

  • She tossed rocket leaves with balsamic vinaigrette for a flavorful salad.
  • He added fresh rocket to his vegetarian pizza for a spicy kick.
  • They enjoyed the crunch and spice of rocket in their sandwiches.
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